Small fragments of forest typically exist after deforestation, urbanization, or other modified lands that are totally unsuitable for most species that occupied in the forest whether by nature or design. American President Theodore Roosevelt once said, “A people without children would face a hopeless future; a country without trees is almost as helpless.”. “The productivity of the country’s agricultural lands and fisheries is declining as these (forest) areas become increasingly degraded and pushed beyond their capacity to produce,” said Mogerlgaard. Researchers agree that climate change is a fact.Temperatures have been increasing. One of the most widespread problem is the overpopulation. Ecology project of PJ Pusing and Micah Herda. The rivers flooded and people were crushed by logs or drowned. My ethnographic focus is upon Palawan Island. The said statement, according to veteran journalist Marites Dañguilan-Vitug, is a “doublespeak.” In an article she wrote for “World Paper,” a Boston-based magazine, she explained: “For, in reality, over 20 years (1965-1985) he used his power to grant and revoke licenses of logging concessions to enrich himself, his family and his friends. A couple of years ago, the Philippine Congress released a study that said about 123,000 hectares of the country’s forest cover are lost every year. it has many types air pollution, water pollution, land pollution. “Asphalt is often the last harvest for many forests,” the late National Scientist Dioscoro Umali, a Ramon Magsaysay Award recipient, once said. The Philippines is among the countries that are losing their forest cover fast, ranking 4th in the world’s top 10 most threatened forest hotspots. All rights reserved. In the Philippines, the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) has the highest reported cases of forest fires. Jose Ma. Tropical forest known as one of the greatest bastions of biodiversity in this planet receives a major threat poses by rapid deforestation. Climate changes have increased quickly and are continuing to rise throughout the years. What were once rainforests in the Philippines have mainly turned into … According to the summary report of the Department of Environment and Natural, The rise of carbon emissions causes temperatures rises adding to the current crisis of global warming which threatens the economic prosperity of Cambodia. Some negative consequences of deforestation also include the disruption of water cycle and climate change. The Ambuklao Dam reservoir has had its life halved from 60 to 32 years as a result of siltation. When he was still the head of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Michael Defensor admitted that “only 30% of reforestation projects succeeded.” In a Subic meeting of local executives, he told them: “People hardly recognize the economic benefits from protecting the environment. Biodiversity face the greatest global threat due to the intensification and expansion of agriculture (Tilman, 2001; Donald, 2004 & Green, 2005). The increasing popularity of palm oil is one of the major causes of deforestation because, like corn and soy, it has oozed its way into so many of our modern consumer products. The outcome: food crisis, devastation of lands and water resources, biodiversity facing extinction. INTRODUCTION The stages of deforestation and focus of the case study. Many animal species have started to decrease in population due to the changes in the environment. Water crisis is looming. Rina Chandran, Thomson Reuters Foundation Posted at Mar 11 05:52 PM. But that’s not all. “Approximately two-thirds of the country’s original mangroves have been lost,” noted Population Reference Bureau’s Kathleen Mogerlgaard. Deforestation, clearing or thinning of forests by humans to make the land available for other uses. Effects of Deforestation on Indigenous People in the Philippines Destruction of Homelands The indigenous people who live there and depend on the forest to maintain their way of life are also under pressure as vast quantities of trees are cleared away, leaving exposed soil to where and die and the habitats of countless species to be destroyed. Small-scale logging and coal-making operations at the lower areas of the Sierra Madre mountain range Along with other Southeast Asian countries deforestation in the Philippines is a major environmental issue. “It’s a slow creeping enemy that soon possesses the land.”, As a result, food production is jeopardized. These phenomena may reduce biodiversity by making it more difficult for some species to either breed or find food (Wade, 2003). When Ferdinand Magellan “rediscovered” the Philippines in 1521, forests blanketed 95% of the country. Asia's rapid urbanization, deforestation linked to deadly viruses. It is said that the cause of this is oil palm plantations and it is about one-third of the total deforestation in Sumatra’s Riau province. The global climate change and its consequences are leaving a bad impact on the countries to face poverty and hotter temperatures. Volcanic eruptions have also devastated some of the country’s tropical rainforests. Over the years, environmental pollution has seen an epidemic growth. Philippines Deforestation Threats and Reforestation Issues. from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) Measures in the Philippines Project, funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) under its International Climate Initiative.The BMU supports this Initiative based on … Scientists have concluded that El Niño is one of the main culprits of forest fires. “Soil erosion is an enemy to any nation – far worse than any outside enemy coming into a country and conquering it because it is an enemy you cannot see vividly,” reminded Harold Ray Watson, the 1985 Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for peace and international understanding. This flood is known to be one of the causes of the deforestation that took place in the Philippines. The Philippines, with a deforestation rate of 1,900 hectares (4,695 acres) a day, will likely be completely denuded by 2025, forestry experts predict. “Poverty, lack of jobs and wages, and absence of farm lots in the lowlands have forced some people to invade the forest,” commented former Senator Heherson Alvarez, who served as environment secretary during the administration of Corazon Aquino. Slowing down the rate of global warming is the main agenda of the nation today .This can be done by conserving. Some even sold their rights to the forest concessions and lived off the green of the land. Aside from logging (whether legal or illegal), other causes of deforestation in the Philippines are forest fires, “kaingin” farming (slash-and-burn agriculture), and mining operations. They lived in the big cities. President Rodrigo Duterte blamed “squatters” or informal settlers for deforestation, which contributed to Luzon’s massive flooding during Typhoon Ulysses.. Deforestation in the Philippines is a pressing environmental issue. Dr. Aside from logging (whether legal or illegal), other causes of deforestation in the Philippines are forest fires, “kaingin” farming (slash-and-burn agriculture), and mining operations. Why is the country heading towards oblivion? The Philippines The islands that make up the Philippines used to be all forested. Widespread logging was responsible for much of the historical forest loss in the Philippines. When the Ormoc City, Leyte tragedy happened – which left 8,000 people dead – timber cover was only 18%. It has been one of the most concerned global problems to people in different parts of the world. “Rapid forest loss has eliminated habitat for unique and threatened plant and animal species,” Mogerlgaard observed. Deforestation in the Philippines Despite this abundance of troubling information, the demand for palm oil products continue to defy logic, with the industry expecting to continue growing exponentially in … This unpublished précis seeks to identify the conflicts that underlie deforestation in the Philippines and submits that ways of reconciling conflicting interests must be … Another thing is that Sumatra’s Riau province in Indonesia is where the fastest rate of deforestation is happening. The process of breaking up large patches of forest into smaller part is called forest fragmentation (Brown & Jacobson, 2005). 1.0 Introduction “The loss of nutrient rich soil reduces crop yields and contributes to the expanded use of chemical fertilizers – a practice that can, in turn, pollute water resources,” Alimoane said. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 22. During the 20th century the Philippine Forests covers almost 70%. Surging population has compounded the problem. Environmental pollution becomes the critical part of our environment. “Where have all our forests gone?” asked Roy C. Alimoane, the director of Davao-based Mindanao Baptist Rural Life Center. "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. according to the dictionary overpopulation the is condition of being populated w/ excessively Large num. “We have laid to waste millions of hectares of forest land, as though heedless of the tragic examples of the countries of Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, where large areas have become barren, if not desertified,” Alvarez said. Forest recovery, through natural and artificial means, never coped with the destruction rate.”. . Being a country that lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.In addition, the country is surrounded by large bodies of water and facing the Pacific Ocean where 60% of … We have to pay attention to the handwriting on the wall with respect to our forests.”, Tagged: Reforestation, deforestation, mangrove forest rehabilitation, the philippines. This will eventually result in a strong impetus to serious environmental problems such as climate changes, floods and. Deforestation is a loss of hectares of land covered in trees in lieu of other uses such as commercial and agricultural developments. If the deforestation rate of 157,400 hectares per year continues, the country’s remaining forest cover will be wiped out in less than 40 years. “The Philippine eagle has become critically endangered species because the loss of the forest had made it lose its natural habitat,” said ex-president Fidel V. Ramos, who declared the eagle as the country’s bird icon. “Rivers and streams also carry eroded soil to the coasts, where it interferes with fish nursery areas.”. Deforestation in the Philippines . The forests became his grand political tool.”. Between 1985 and 2001, about 56% of protected lowland tropical forests in Kalimantan were cut down. “If we have not, in fact, reached this state, we are almost at the point of irreversibility.”, Dr. Ernesto Guiang, a forestry consultant, echoed the same concern: “We are now at the eleventh hour. Philippine Deforestation: Final Paper Deforestation is one of the most crucial problem of the Philippines today, because of poor economic performance, weak polices, legal institutions and government laws, increasing population, poverty, corruption , agricultural expansion and lastly, extensive commercial logging activities. Studies show that a pair of Philippine eagle needs at least 7,000 to 13,000 hectares of forest as a nesting territory. Copyright © 2009 - 2020, Gaia Discovery. Tropical forests lose thousands of acres daily due to agricultural use. In a briefing with Cabinet officials on Tuesday night, the President said low-income Filipinos would cut down trees to build their houses, which allegedly caused deforestation. Climate change impacts include temperature rise, greenhouse and carbon dioxide gas emissions, erratic rainfall, salinity intrusion, the rise of floods, cyclones, storm surges and draught, ice sheets melting which will seriously affect the agriculture, and the world. However, the deforestation rate isn’t as high anymore since the country’s peak years during the 1980s to the 1990s. Between 1990 and 2005 the Philippines lost a third of its forest cover, according to FAO estimates, but the country's deforestation is down since its peak in the 1980s and 1990s. the population crisis in the Philippines grows bigger each year. Between 1990 and 2005, one-third of the Philippines’ forest cover was lost. Follow us on twitter! “The wealthy and well-connected. This has been widespread in the Philippines and now the government is trying to reverse its effects. In 2011, a large flood occurred in the Philippines affecting about 338,000 people throughout 13 different provinces. ABSTRACT It has been one of the most concerned global problems to people in different parts of the world. Cambodia relies heavily on their production of rice and fish and due to the increase in temperatures these sources of production are threatened and, The demands of ever growing population has a profound impact on the environment and human conditions .Human activity in Singapore has generated many economic gains but at the cost of huge impact on the environment, including loss of biodiversity and ecosystems , which in turn has resulted in many social, economic and cultural losses. 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