New Zealand's only native palm and a distinctive and solid feature for any NZ garden. Its natural range is coastal and lowland forest on the North Island, and on the South Island as far south as Okarito (43°20′S) in the west and Banks Peninsula (43°5′S) in the east. • Nikau need a frost-free position that is preferably damp and do best in a subtropical climate. The Nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. Male flowers are borne in pairs, and have six stamens. Nīkau palms have always had importance in Māori life. It is easy to recognise in the bush with its circular trunk, which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from fallen leaves. • They are slow-growing, taking about 100 years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m. The nīkau palm is the southernmost member of the palm family and New Zealand's only native palm species. So I assuming from this and the fact that it looks exactly like the Chatham Islands palm that it … Nīkau palms also grow on the Chatham Islands, and some botanists believe the plants there belong to a separate species. It tends to be slow-growing. Because nīkau palms grow primarily in coastal and lowland areas, their habitat has been greatly reduced and disturbed by human development and land conversion. These are a preferred food of the kererū (native pigeon). Nīkau palm The nīkau palm is the southernmost member of the palm family and New Zealand's only native palm species. Height: up to 10m Likes: light shade, plenty of moisture, shade and wind protection when young, love wet gullies, depressions and the bottom of steep slopes. In the native bush they generally spend most of their life under the shade of larger trees, though they can tolerate sun if allowed to become gradually accustomed to it. The nīkau (Rhopalostylis sapida) is a palm tree endemic to New Zealand. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. Plant Uses Border, Specimen Trees. Nīkau is a Māori word. As a result of glaciation and cooling, these… NIKAU FACTS. Plant form: tree up to 10 m. It grows readily from seed if the fruit is soaked in water for a few days and then gently scrubbed to remove the flesh. Learn about this native tree here. The fronds are up to 3 m in length. [citation needed]. Māori found many uses for the nikau palm. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more gracefully arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. The leaves, typically called fronds, have long been a beneficial byproduct of this versatile tree. In the Northern Hemisphere excellent cultivated … But, if we go back about 23 million years ago in the Miocene Era, New Zealand was much warmer and more tropical. There it sees very temperate weather. Nikau Lodge is named after the Nikau Palm that grows in our garden, this tall, slender and graceful tree with its sensual bulbous curves leading into a spreading latticework of branches is the only native palm in New Zealand. It's quite a steep walk up to the lookout and gets the heart racing - an excellent workout. The Rhopalostylis sapida, or Nikau Palm of New Zealand, is the southern most palm in the world and native to New Zealand. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. From the outer portion of the trunk, Māori made storage containers and pots. The chewy, pitted fruit has a honey-like taste and is used in smoothies, cookies, cakes and savory dishes. The nikau palm tree, New Zealand’s only native palm tree, is also the southernmost palm tree in the world! It has also been found on cultivated Kermadec Island palm, Rhopalostylis baueri, grown outdoors in Auckland. It grows sweet, elongated, edible fruit in clusters under the base of its lower fronds. [1], The nikau palm is the only palm species endemic to mainland New Zealand. They were also made into necklaces by Māori. Slow growing, a thick ringed trunk will develop over time and a solid bulb will form at the base of the frond’s growth. They occur from about 44° northern latitude to about 44° southern latitude. The Nikau is the southern-most palm in the world. [2], Nikau images and artworks, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhopalostylis_sapida&oldid=985332811, IUCN Red List conservation dependent species, Use New Zealand English from February 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 10:14. The name Nikau is of Maori origin. Die Nikau-Palme ist endemisch in Neuseeland ID: C87B20 (RM) Backlit overlapping palm leaves making a natural background, New Zealand. The Nikau palm gall mite, Nameriophyes sapidae(Acari: Eriophyidae) lives on its primary host plant, nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida(Palmae). It is found in the North Island and the northern South Island from the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson south to near Okarito in the west and Banks Peninsula (near Christchurch) in the east. I planted there a seedling rhopalostylis Which was said to come from the very southernmost of habitat of the palm. Range. Retrieved 2 October 2010. From shop EllenGiggenbach. Once the main root has been established to a fairly shallow depth of about 400 mm, its roots take on form consistent with other palms. It is found in the North Island and the northern South Island from the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson south to near Okarito in the west and Banks Peninsula (near Christchurch) in the east. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. NIKAU (Rhopalostylis sapida) aren't as amenable to being moved as most other palms, as their root system doesn't recover quickly, particularly with young specimens. There is an easy loop walk you can take or you can choose to walk to the top. Physical characteristics. Department of Conservation | Te Papa Atawhai, https://www.doc.govt.nz/nature/native-plants/nikau-palm/. It is also the only Palm endemic to mainland New Zealand. It is best done in summer, but a substantial root ball should be preserved, and shade should be provided at the new location - at the very least by tying the outer fronds closer to the centre. Although there are species with extensive ranges, especially in America, most are restricted in range, and those of islands, in particular, are frequently found nowhere else. Nikau Palm SVG - New Zealand - native plant - palm - maori - nz - cut file - cricut CoralKiwiSVG. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. Nikau palm (Rhopalostylis sapida) Native to New Zealand - YouTube. The Nikaus and trees are beautiful. …Africa; the southernmost is the nikau palm (Rhopalostylis sapida), of New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. [2], The nikau grows up to 15 m tall, with a stout, green trunk which bears grey-green leaf scars. 5 out of 5 stars (65) 65 reviews $ 2.30. Food was wrapped in the leaves for cooking, and the old fibrous leaves were used for baskets, floor mats, and waterproof thatch for buildings. Well, New Zealand may have big mountains, glaciers, and volcanoes, but it also has palm trees. Nikau Palm. The bases of the inner leaves and the young flower clusters were eaten raw or cooked. The Nikau palm gall mite, Nameriophyes sapidae (Acari: Eriophyidae) lives on its primary host plant, nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida (Palmae). Delays should be avoided in getting the nikau into its new ground, and substantial die-back of all but the central spike can be expected. Flowers occur throughout the entire year. It's never too hot nor too cold. Small red/green berries and a multi finger-like flower occur once a year. A fabulous tropical-looking palm which looks great mass planted with other subtropical plants growing below, or incorporated into large plantings of other palms. The heart of the developing leaves (called rito) can also be eaten raw, but taking the shoots kills the whole tree. Fun Facts about the name Nikau. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. It is the only palm tree to grow there. • Nikau need a frost-free position that is preferably damp and do best in a subtropical climate. The fronds of Nikau trees are used for roofs to build houses. It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Nikau was not present. History & Culture In the early Miocene (around 23 million years ago) New Zealand had a much warmer climate and contained distinctive tropical elements in its flora. One translation of ‘nīkau’ is ‘without nuts', in remembrance of the coconut. In the Southern Hemisphere outside its habitats, R. baueri is cultivated in mainland New Zealand as a faster-growing alternative to the otherwise similar R. sapida, the nikau palm, the only other species in the genus Rhopalostylis. Rhopalstylis. The northernmost palm is the European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), which grows about the Mediterranean in Europe and North Africa; the southernmost is the nikau palm (Rhopalostylis sapida), of New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. The Rhopalstylis is a genus containing just two species of palm including the most southerly palm the Chatham Island Nikau and the other confined to Norfolk Island with a variety on the Kermadec Islands. New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. While insects are probably the main pollinators, birds such as tui, bellbirds and silvereyes also enjoy the nīkau nectar. Favorite Add to Nikau and Tui, NZA84 EllenGiggenbach. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. In the native bush they generally spend most of their life under the shade of larger trees, though they can tolerate sun if allowed to become gradually accustomed to it. The nikau thrives on cool temperatures, but is not subject to freezing weather in its natural habitat. It is also grown in the Australian states of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, and Western Australia. Weird things about the name Nikau: The name spelled backwards is Uakin. Vegetative characteristics. The nīkau is very slow-growing. Critical Ecosystem Pressures on Freshwater Environments, Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox. One species, Maxburretia gracilis, is limited to a… It consists of 5 letters and 2 syllables and is pronounced Ni-kau. It can survive a few degrees of frost, but it is damaged even more severely by sudden large drops in temperature even above freezing. The leaves were used to thatch houses, to wrap food before cooking, and to weave into hats, mats, baskets, and leggings for travelling through rough undergrowth. The Nikau palm is endemic to New Zealand and is the world's southernmost palm tree. • "Rhopalostylis sapida". Folks are always asking us about our name and what it's all about and how to pronounce it (Nee-Ko-Ki or Nee-Cow-Ki). Nikau and Kai are the names of our boys and as it happens also means Palm and Ocean in many Polynesian languages, hence our logo. The green fruits ripen to red between March/April. Best uses. Reproductive characteristics. The towering palm tree’s spiky, bright green leaves crown the ringed trunk in a burst of texture and color along the skyline. The dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis) occurs in southern France, the Nikau (Rhopalostylis sapida) is a species of palm growing in New Zealand.The hardiest palm in the world is known as the needle palm (Rhapidophyllum Hystrix) … nikau The well-known nīkau palm is not only beautiful, but it also supposedly provides one of the best bush meals in New Zealand. On average two fronds are shed per year leaving behind a leaf scar on the trunk which can be used to give a rough indication of age since the trunk began forming. The fruit is elliptic or oblong, and generally measures about 10 by 7 mm, and is red when ripe. Nikau palm is monoecious (having unisexual reproductive organs or flowers, with the organs or flowers of both sexes borne on a single plant, as in corn and pines), the small, densely crowded flowers are a pale purplish-lilac to pinkish colour & appear December - February. Most palm trees grow in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Nikau is used as both a boys and girls name. The northernmost palm is the European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), which grows about the Mediterranean in Europe and North Africa; the southernmost is the nikau palm (Rhopalostylis sapida), of New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. Olearia hectorii (Hectors tree daisy) Olearia hectorii, also known as Hectors tree daisy, is one of the most threatened members of New Zealand’s small-leaved tree daisy family. Nīkau is a Māori word; in the closely related Eastern Polynesian languages of the tropical Pacific, it refers to the fronds or the midrib of the coconut palm. • They are slow-growing, taking about 100 years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m. The bright red nīkau fruits take about one year to ripen and are an important food source for native birds, particularly the wood pigeon/kererū and kākā. It also occurs on Chatham Island and Pitt Island/Rangiauria to the south-east of New Zealand, where it is the world's southernmost palm at 44° 18'S latitude. A nīkau palm usually grows about 10-15 m tall. Nīkau palms also grow on the Chatham Islands, and some botanists believe the plants there belong to a separate … With a spectacular array of bright red berries that take nearly a year to fully ripen, the Nikau Palm is a favourite amongst New Zealand artists and New Zealand native birds such as the Kereru native … A nikau palm, scientifically known as Rhopalostylis sapida, is the only species of palm tree that is considered native to New Zealand’s mainland area.This perennial plant belongs to the family Arecaceae and occurs primarily in the warmer lowland forests and coastal regions. The Rhopalstylis is a genus containing just two species of palm including the most southerly palm the Chatham Island Nikau and the other confined to Norfolk Island with a variety on the Kermadec Islands.. Found mostly in coastal lowland and hilly forests throughout the north island except the central plateau. Successful transplanting is possible, but nikau is very fickle if any trunk is present. It is very similar in appearance to the Nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida, but differs in having a slightly less bulbous crownshaft, a short petiole (as opposed to none at all), a lot more purply color in the rachis/petioles and a tendency for the leaves to arch more. The nikau palm is the only palm species endemic to mainland New Zealand. The nikau makes an excellent potted plant, and is quite hardy. The nīkau palm is unique to New Zealand and it primarily occurs in coastal to lowland forest in warmer regions. The trunk is topped by a smooth, bulging crownshaft up to 1m long. The inflorescence is multibranched and from 200 to 400 mm long. Palms were common at this time, and even included species of Coconut – such as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica. The meaning of Nikau is "palm tree". The nīkau is closely related to the betel nut, the seeds of which are used as a laxative. The newest weed in the garden here is a palm - not the native nikau palm, although that, too, seeds down freely and requires regular culling. Although a number of palms have been introduced to New Zealand and are planted around our towns and gardens, the nīkau palm is our only native palm species. Transplanting juveniles is generally successful if the main root is left intact. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Feeding The mites have pointed mouth parts that puncture the surface cells on the underside of palm fronds. The centre shoots of nīkau can be used in the same way. The Twisted Plants Story. Plant Profile: No 52 Nikau PalmNo 52 Nikau Palm - Non-AttachmentRhopalostylis sapidaNikau Palm stands out in natural forest environments due to its distinctly tropical appearance. Twenty-five years ago I lived in a mild valley about 16 miles east of San Francisco. Some say that when Māori came to New Zealand, they looked in vain for a familiar tree and seeing the nīkau, compared it to the coconut tree of their Pacific homeland. There are over 1,100 palm species around the world, including some of the world’s most useful plants such as the oil palm, banana, coconut, and sago palm. High quality Nikau Palm gifts and merchandise. The fronds are up to 3 m long, and the closely set, sometimes overlapping leaflets are up to 1 m long. Ground watering is recommended because crown watering can induce terminal rot at the very slow-growing new spike. The immature flower is edible and can be cooked and eaten like cauliflower. The female flowers are solitary. Common name Chatham Island nikau Plant type Natives, Subtropicals, Trees. Two of the easiest places to see nīkau palms are Punakaiki in Paparoa National Park and Kohaihai at the start of the Heaphy track, where a mild climate encourages their growth year-round. Its natural range is coastal and lowland forest on the North Island, and on the South Island as far south as Okarito (43°20′S) in the west and Banks Peninsula (43°5′S) in the east. The pots should be tall and narrow to provide room for the taproot and to lessen the likelihood of root damage when transplanting. Nikau Palm Reserve is right in Paraparaumu. The growing spikes can be taken from the tree about every eight months without killing it. How unique is the name Nikau? The nīkau palm is the southernmost member of the palm family, a group that is usually tropical or sub-tropical. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. Introduced mammals may also pose a threat by eating nīkau flowers and fruit so that fewer new plants are produced. Nikau definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The hard berries were made into necklaces or eaten when green. The nīkau sprouts large clusters of mauve flowers that burst from the base of the lowest branch. The tightly packed flowers are unisexual and coloured lilac to pink. Most palm trees exist in tropical countries but not the Nikau tree. Hardy to colder conditions. The date palm is a flowering type of palm that is in the Arecaceae family. Nikau is the worlds southernmost palm tree. This lovely palm has received much publicity in recent years, and with good reason: it is one of the few crownshaft palms that can be considered even remotely hardy, and its feathery, stiffly upright and slightly keeled The bright red mature berries, despite looking appetizing are actually incredibly dense and were used by settlers to shoot birds when ammunition was unavailable. The seed will then germinate readily if placed in sealed plastic bags in partial shade, after which they can be planted in deep pots. The flowers are sticky and sweet with nectar, which attracts insects, especially bees. Nikau is an expensive tree because the bulb in the middle of the tree is rare and you would have to destroy the whole tree if you want to eat it. Tall and erect, the palm tree makes a striking contrast against a bright blue sky. NIKAU (Rhopalostylis sapida) aren't as amenable to being moved as most other palms, as their root system doesn't recover quickly, particularly with young specimens. It has also been found on cultivated Kermadec Island palm, Rhopalostylis baueri, grown outdoors in Auckland. Date Palm Facts. The uses for palm fronds are abundant. The nikau does not have a true tap root. Nikau are tall, upright palms with spreading fronds. In those that do, the finger-like branches of the spadix bear hundreds of tiny male and female flowers arranged in ménages à trois, with two “boys” for every “girl.” The musky, sweet scent attracts thousands of pollinating insects as well as nectar-hungry tui, bellbirds and … Nikau is an endemic species distributed throughout the North Island down to the middle of the South Island and the Chatham Islands at 44°S, making it the world's southernmost growing palm. From shop CoralKiwiSVG. The nīkau palm is unique to New Zealand and it primarily occurs in coastal to lowland forest in warmer regions. It does well in areas with a mild Mediterranean climate. The nikau produces flowers between November and April, and fruits ripen from February to November, taking almost a year to fully ripen. It also does not grow naturally anywhere else in the world. An alternative translation is ‘only leaves’, referring to the fact that the tree has many leaves that originate from a single stalk. Rhopalostylis sapida. The heart of the palm, the root, the young shoots, the immature flowers and the immature green berries have all been used for food. Look it up now! Rhopalostylis sapida, the nikau (Māori: nīkau) is a palm tree endemic to New Zealand, and the only palm native to mainland New Zealand. Research conducted in lowland forests near Auckland found it takes 40–50 years to begin to form a trunk and about 200 years to reach 10 m tall. The world’s most southerly (and NZs only) native palm, the nikau has become more popular in recent years for its exotic looks. Continue reading. Most of the time I associate palm trees with tropical islands and sipping cocktails on the beach. A flower cluster forms at the base of each leaf of a nikau palm, but only about a third of the clusters develop. The Nikau Palm. Upright palms with spreading fronds about 16 miles east of San Francisco the well-known nīkau palm nīkau. 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